Blockchain Technology For Voting: Can It Be Secured
Another use case for blockchain is in elections and voting. Advocates argue that blockchain can also enable secure, real-time representation with decentralized voting.
This past election season, the state of West Virginia implemented a blockchain-based voting app for the first time. Secretary of State Mac Warner reported that in the 2018 midterm elections, 144 military personnel stationed overseas from 24 counties were able to cast their ballots on a mobile, blockchain-based platform called Voatz.
Here is how it works, per the Washington Post:
To cast a ballot, voters must first register through the app by uploading an image of their drivers license or other photo identification. Then the app instructs them to submit a short video of their own face. Facial recognition technology supplied by a voters iPhone or Android device matches the video against the photo ID, and the personal information on the ID is matched to West Virginias voter registration database. Once the verification is complete, voters can make their selections and confirm their ballot by fingerprint or facial recognition.
However, Michael Queen, deputy chief of staff to Warner, said West Virginia has no plans to extend the use of the app. Secretary Warner has never and will never advocate that this is a solution for mainstream voting, Queen told the Post.
Why Are Blockchain Experiments In The Public Sector Growing Globally
A public sector is a complex infrastructure due to a lack of decentralization. Blockchains may be used in existing systems to fix inefficiencies and improve the reliability of public service delivery. It can be leveraged to streamline processes and increase transparency and accountability in the government and the public sector. Moreover, technology can help back-office functions help coordinate and streamline tendering and purchasing across several departments. Blockchain is gaining a lot of public attention due to the fact that it provides an unbroken and timely record of information in real-time. It makes it impossible to make any changes, thus reduces the chances of fraud. Making records permanent ensures reduced chances of fraud and error, thus increasing accuracy and simplifying back-end processes while delivering huge benefits in efficiency and productivity.
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Government And Public Services
Distributed ledger technologies dramatically improve upon legacy data management and processes coordination tools. The technologies can be leveraged in government and the public sector to streamline operations and enhance transparency and accountability. Use cases range from self-sovereign digital identity, to electronic health records and central banking.
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Blockchain Technology Use Cases For State And Local Government
There are numerous blockchain technology use cases, and many state governments are pursuing blockchain initiatives. In 2018, a total of 18 states introduced some form of legislation related to blockchain technology and nine bills became law, according to a tally from the National Conference of State Legislatures.
For example, Colorados Department of State is now required to consider research, development, and implementation for encryption and data integrity techniques, including distributed ledger technologies such as blockchain. A law in Tennessee now recognizes the legal authority to use blockchain technology and smart contracts in conducting electronic transactions.
And a Wyoming law authorizes corporations to use electronic networks or databases for the creation or maintenance of corporate records.
The NASCIO report notes that early applications of blockchain technology are circumstances involving audit audit trail necessary record of information lineage multiple systems or databases that must be reconciled due to recording errors managing physical or digital assets managing ownership managing contracts or agreements involving many secondary parties.
Seamless Data Access In Reno Nv
Reno, NV mayor Hillary Schieve showed open arms for oracle blockchain provider Chainlink. The platform is designed to integrate and store physical data such as real estate contracts seamlessly using blockchain so that those with permission can access data with ease and without the threat of one party altering the contract. The technology keeps an automated log of changes to documentation and data, keeping transparency integral to the documentation being accessed in the cloud.
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Benefit No : Protecting Sensitive Data
Breaches of personal data have become a fact of life in todays digital world. The full names, Social Security numbers, birthdates, addresses, and driver’s license numbers of 143 million Americans were exposed in the 2017 Equifax database breach. Just 2 years earlier, more than 20 million records of past and present government employees were stolen from databases maintained by the Office of Personnel Management.
As the default record keeper for society, governments are large targets for hackers. But rather than accept such attacks as the cost of doing business in the information era, they could be mitigated or avoided through the responsible deployment of blockchain data structures. Such data structures harden network security by reducing single-point-of-failure risk and can make attempting a breach prohibitively challenging.
Government agencies, like the Department of Homeland Security, are getting serious about blockchain applications in cybersecurity. DHS is funding blockchain startups to conduct research and development and explore new approaches to cybersecurity. According to a DHS official blockchain technologies have the potential to revolutionize the way we manage online identity and access the internet this R& D project will help bring this potential closer to reality.
What Is Blockchain A Digital Ledger With A Difference
While many government leaders are actively involved with blockchain prototypes, live pilots, and active use case development, more are not yet exploring blockchain and likely have a limitedor nonexistentunderstanding of what it comprises and what sorts of problems it aims to solve. They may have read a few articles about bitcoin and crypto-currency, about the long-term promise of blockchain, or a description of a potential individual use case. They may generally understand some of the features and benefits. But many doubtless remain fuzzy on key questions: What is blockchain really all about? Is it software or is it hardware? Is it an enterprise architecture, a process architecture, middleware, or something else?
Whats in a block?
The header includes metadata, such as a unique block reference number, the time the block was created, and a link back to the previous block.
The content typically includes a validated list of transactions made, their amounts, and the addresses of the parties to those transactions along with digital assets and instruction statements.
Other factors that drive the design of the consensus protocol for a ledger in which a single authority does not govern transaction finality include transaction and participant authentication, integrity, privacy, and non-repudiation, as well as ledger fault-tolerance, consensus and posting performance requirements, and quorum structure for the network members.
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Problem Solving With Blockchain
In developing and adapting blockchain technology, Donaghy makes comparisons with the early days of the Internet when no one really knew what to do with it. Sometimes it was seen as a solution in search of a problem.
In a remarkably short period, however, the Internet has become a central part of working and social life. He believes that blockchain technology will follow a similar path.
“As the Internet, we have solved problems of scale, improving their use and imagining new applications,” he says.
“There are thousands of very intelligent people around the world are working on building the blockchain infrastructure, most of which happens through open data protocols.”
Donaghy claims that the blockchain has a special role in the public administration as governments look for ways to modernize their services along digital lines. Blockchain provides a neutral place for the transaction, creating what Donaghy calls “a shared truth” of data.
This is crucial when governments take on the role of data authenticator and, through the rules, determine the allocation of resources and benefits.
He says that a change of thought will be required. Blockchain is not owned or governed by a central authority and the data is decentralized and distributed over thousands of computers.
Government agencies are inherently centralized, so managing changes in control issues and the future of work will have to focus on how technology is explored.
Personal Identity Security Use Cases
According to identity theft expert LifeLock, more than 16 million Americans complained of identity fraud and theft in 2017 alone, with an identity being stolen every two seconds. Fraud on this scale can occur via everything from forged documents to hacking into personal files.
Industry: Cybersecurity, Fintech
Location: Los Angeles, California
How it’s using blockchain: Oculars anti-money laundering compliance platform leverages blockchain-enabled security to ensure data cannot be manipulated. The technology uses biometric systems to scan the faces of individuals applying for passports, drivers licenses and other government issued IDs. By viewing biometric systems on blockchains, governments can more easily catch identity thieves foraging fake passports, certificates and IDs from other countries.
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Index Put On The Blockchain
Instead of storing each individual certificate on the blockchain an index document containing the hashes of all the certificates were created and the hash value of the index document stored on the blockchain. The hash of the index document was entered to the blockchain in an unspendable Bitcoin transaction to serve as the permanent record underpinning the whole approach.
Blockchain For Government Technology / Govtech
GovTech is the term used to refer to technologyincluding blockchainfor use by public sector institutions. Blockchain technology in government can help build trust, secure data and minimize costs through open, transparent and collaborative networks.
Governments globally struggle with fraud, waste, abuse, and mismanagement of government resources often due to inefficiencies from outdated, disparate or multiple systems. Government pain points include slow, complex real property registers and transfers, limited access to liquidity, significant lags in payments due to reconciliations, and ineffective tracking of procurement goods and services.
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Use Blockchain For Public Record Security
With constituents regularly providing private information to their local governments, and government clerical workers accumulating thousands of important documents related to permits, fees, zoning, and licenses, keeping your communitys information secure is vital.
Blockchain is designed to track transactions and keep vital information easily accessible to those who need it while remaining inaccessible to hackers or other bad actors.
Better IT security will improve trust of community members in their local government and can increase civic engagement due to the trust created.
Aadhaar 20 Solution Blockchain
In order to properly secure the electronic health records or EHRs, India is now looking into how to apply a blockchain solution to their centralized database. Some critics have been criticizing the unsafe, centralized design of Aadhaar since its inception 2010. The county is now seeking to release Aadhaar version 2.0, secured by an immutable blockchain to prevent future data breeches in future dealings. Other developing countries can heed this example when considering their own national data center designs and build blockchains from the ground up when dealing with data of the utmost importance such as identity and medical health records. India now has the problem of not only having to architect a blockchain solution, but also to securely transfer the existing centralized structure to the blockchain solution without loss of data.
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Introduction: Value Creation For All Kinds Of Transactions
Back in 1995, Bill Gates attended a conference at which tech visionaries touted the potential of an emerging technology of which many people around the world hadnt yet even heard: the World Wide Web. At the time, people couldnt do much onlinethere was virtually no shopping, no entertainment, no news, very little trafficbut Gates returned to Microsoft headquarters and dramatically shifted the companys strategic plan to focus on the possibilities.1 He recognized the Internets potential power as a platform for disrupting businessand societyas usual. Not even Gates could foresee all the ways it would be used, but he understood information technology well enough to recognize the emerging value proposition and resulting innovation that the first generation of the Internet could enable.
Blockchain technology is unlikely to capture the public imagination in the same way as the colorful initial wave of online innovation did its impact will be largely behind the scenes. Yet the potential is enormous: Some see blockchain bringing us the Internet of value: a new, distributed platform that can help us reshape the world of business and transform the old order of human affairs for the better.2
Incompetency To Provide Citizen Rights
Governments are incompetent in offering citizen rights, which creates a dissatisfaction within the citizen of a country. In every election, the parties make certain promises however, only a handful of them keep them.
In the end, citizens get stuck with a typical government that can make all the promises but cant actually deliver it. In reality, it makes the citizens portray their government as an incompetent entity that cant get the job done.
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How Banks And Financial Institutions Are Using Blockchain Technology
The tremendous rise in cryptocurrencies and digital wallet has instigated banks and other financial institutions to adapt to the current trend. It is a dire need for the banks to allow professional investors to trade valuable assets in a secured and transparent platform across the world. The banking industry has finally adopted blockchain technology due to its potential implications for the global commerce ecosystem. The open-sourced software allows multiple investors to have simultaneous access to the updated public ledger without any probability of alteration in transactions. Blockchain technology has revolutionized the banking sector from the traditional methods of securities to hi-tech securities. It also enhances efficiency and security without any third-party intervention. Thus, multiple banks have started launching smart contracts that involve the parties to accept the deals with each other. These smart contracts allow any digital information to store and give access to parties with a set of laws. Lets look at how banks and other financial institutions are using blockchain technology.
Thus, it can be seen that blockchain technology is the future of banks and financial institutions with upgraded regulations, hi-tech security, proper identity verification, and reduced transaction fees in a fast payment process.
Aadhaar Hacked 1billion Health Records Exposed
Due to the centralized nature of the Aadhaar database design it was inherently insecure and simply awaiting to be hacked. Aadhaar data includes fingerprints, retina scans, names, addresses, and phone numbers through which SIM cards can be purchased, and important government services and bank accounts can be accessed. According to multiple reports, biometric data was not exposed on WhatsApp, but names, addresses, emails, photographs, and phone numbers were.
The Unique Identification Authority of India , which oversees Aadhaar, says over 1.19 billion people have enrolled in the system since it began in 2009. In early January of 2018 all of the sensitive patient data for Aadhaar became exposed and readily available for entire download from various users on the mobile app WhatsApp for a reasonable price of 500 Rupees or $7.79 . It seems a large group of Indian entrepreneurs illegally got access to over a billion patients records and were willing to sell the full set for less than the cost of going to the movies. After sending the Rupees and an email address, the full set of health records would be emailed over shortly thereafter.
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Straighten Your Back And Cherish With Coffee
Blockchain has gained a spectacular success in a short time. Since its launch, it has been on the headlines and expecting it to be one of those trending technologies that would make a marvelous impact on the fast-paced digital world. Blockchain has been a game-changing technology that is underpinned with cryptocurrencies like Ethereum and Bitcoin that eventually closed the doors for hacking activities. Not just with blockchain software development companies, it is also very helpful in E-Governance sectors.
Charted: Blockchain Use In Governments
What are governments around the world using it for?
Blockchain has offered foolproof ways to secure services. The digital ledger records live transactions across a distributed network of computers. Records, once logged, are irreversible as any change will first have to be verified across the network.
Governments across the globe have recognised its potential in security, and many have since jumped on the bandwagon.
GovInsider has mapped out the projects that governments around the world are working on, and will expand the list as more of them join in.
Australia Post has set out a plan to use Blockchain in election voting. The system will be tamper-proof, providing traceability, anonymity and security in voting records, said Tim Adamson, the government-owned entitys State Director for Victorian Government and Tasmania.
It wants to start small in corporate and community elections, before adopting wider use in parliamentary elections.
The ballot would be integrated cryptographically within the Blockchain, and votes will not be accessible by the public. Citizens will use voting credits to attribute their preferences, and receive unique digital access keys before casting votes to verify their identity.
Votes that are cast cannot be changed election counts can then be easily done by gathering data from the platform.
Citizens hold smart cards which paves access to over 1,000 online government services, including their health records.3. Georgia
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National And Enterprise Blockchain Projects Are Stacking Up
Global governments are falling over themselves to commission blockchain projects. Last week, the Canadian government awarded a contract for steel tracking onchain, and at Davos there was widespread talk of using blockchain for data collection and environmental solutions. Most Davos experts seem to agree that blockchain tech is best used for data collection rather than self-sovereign finance, read one media tweet from the event, prompting Neeraj Agrawal to retortExperts agree blockchain tech is better for the thing no one has used it for rather than the only thing its been used for.
Governments may envision vastly different use cases for blockchain than those favored by the crypto community, but they appear earnest in their desire to deploy distributed ledger technology. So too do the enterprises interested in utilizing and fostering blockchain adoption. In addition to the Canadian government inking a $130K deal for an onchain steel-tracking blockchain, the past week has seen Hyperledger launch a climate action special interest group dedicated to advancing DLT for governments and businesses to monitor emissions. Other entities to have recently gotten in on the blockchain game include Thailand, whose government is integrating blockchain technology into its new e-visa system.