Wednesday, June 29, 2022

How Many Bitcoins Are In Circulation

Should We Count Bitcoins That Are In Cold Storage For Long Periods Of Time


The lost coin phenomenon leads us to another question in our effort to establish how many Bitcoins are there. Should we count the Bitcoins that are stored, probably in cold storage and do not move? This brings Satoshis 1 million BTC stash to mind. Many people in the space believe that Satoshi Nakamoto is dead or that Satoshi is really a group of people and one of them is dead. So the coins Satoshi accumulated are stored in a multi-signature wallet from which they cannot move. Should we count those coins towards Bitcoins money supply or should we discount them just like we discount lost coins? The answer to that question, is an unequivocal and that is we dont know.

How Many Bitcoin Millionaires Are There As Of February 2021 There Are An Estimated 100000 Bitcoin Millionaires In The World

For comparison, in November 2020, there were only 25,000 bitcoin millionaires, so why the sudden growth in numbers? The main reason behind this increase is bitcoins volatile price, which ranged from $50,000$58,000 in February 2021.

Nevertheless, keep in mind that we cant know the exact number of bitcoin millionaires as some people use multiple accounts.

Why Do These Limits Exist

Blockchains have upper limits beyond which mining halts. For Bitcoin, the limit is 21 Million coins. Those limits exist to give legitimacy to a digital asset. And the legitimacy arises by creating scarcity- where ordinary money is ever scarce in supply.

The opposite scenario would create oversupply situations, meaning Bitcoin would practically be worthless since everybody can mine it.

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What Will Happen When All 21 Million Bitcoins Have Been Mined

At some point, the limit of 21 million will be reached. The big question is: What happens after that?

1. The miners will no longer receive block rewards.

Bitcoin miners will receive rewards for each valid block they mine. Note that the Block Rewards miners receive change every four years and are reduced by half.

Once all 21 million Bitcoins have been circulated, no more mining will take place. This simply means that miners will no longer receive these rewards. However, they will continue to earn money. And they will do so through the transaction fees they collect from each confirmed transaction. Their job is mainly to ensure the security of the network, as this is the source of their income.

2. Impact on transactions

How many rewards miners receive depends on the transaction fees paid. Miners receive higher rewards for transactions with higher fees. What does this mean for you? Miners might start prioritizing transactions according to the fees they attract.

The transactions with higher fees are executed faster than those with lower fees.

3. The bitcoin price will rise

The halving is already causing turbulence in the market, leading to an increase in the value of the cryptocurrency. The finite principle applied leads to low supply compared to demand, which influences the price.

When the price of the cryptocurrency rises, miners also receive higher transaction fees.

4. Investors could be motivated to show interest in cryptocurrencies.

Why Bitcoins Hard Cap Will Not Change

Bitcoins in circulation

Bitcoins hard cap is protected against change by its incentive system, as well as its governance model. Thanks to Bitcoins architecture, the entities who control Bitcoins rule set have strong incentives to resist a change to the hard cap, while those who may desire to change it have no ability to control the network.

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How Many Bitcoins Are Mined Per Hour / Day / Week / Month / Year

On average the block time is 10 minutes = 6 blocks every hour = 144 blocks every day. The block reward currently is 6.25 BTC.

  • About 37.5 BTC are mined per Hour.
  • 900 Bitcoins are mined per Day.
  • 6300 Bitcoins a mined per Week.
  • 25200 Bitcoins are mined every Month and
  • 302400 Bitcoins are mined every Year.

Note: This calculation is made based on the block reward and block time. The numbers may be slightly off. Also note that it will change every 4 years due to the halving event which is programmed.

Now coming to the last question. What happens when all the 21 Million Bitcoins are mined?

How Many Bitcoin Miners Are There There Are Approximately 1000000 Bitcoin Miners In The World

Who are the miners, and what do they do? Well, Bitcoin miners are people whose role is to preserve the bitcoin networks security and monitor transactions by resolving a series of computational problems.

The newly created bitcoins are what miners get as a reward after a successful mining process. For instance, Slush Pool, the worlds first mining pool, has approximately 200,000 miners.

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Why Is There A Limited Supply Of Bitcoin

Satoshi Nakamoto installed what we refer to as a hard cap on total bitcoins that can be created. This hard cap is central to Bitcoins value proposition. Satoshi wanted to create an asset that would function as a store of value, similar to gold and real estate.

Gold and real estate are considered good stores of value because their supply is limited. Therefore, Satoshi conceptualized a mechanism where producing bitcoin becomes more difficult every four years. Eventually, it will become impossible to produce new bitcoins too, just like gold or real estate.

Satoshi can make changes to the source code and increase the total bitcoins that can be mined. However, most would agree that an increase in bitcoins total supply, even though possible, is unlikely.

How Bitcoins Hard Cap Could Be Changed

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Despite the countervailing incentives outlined above, a supply cap change is still theoretically possible. In order to change the supply cap of Bitcoin, several groups would have to collaborate.

First, developers would have to propose and then write the code to implement this change. There would be community discussion, which would likely be controversial. If these changes were agreed upon by developers, the changes would be integrated into Bitcoin Core.

Next, the community would have to agree to an activation path, in order to ensure that the network transitioned to the new ruleset collectively. Changing the supply cap would necessitate a , which means that all nodes on the network would have to adopt the changes or be forced off the network.

As part of the activation path, both miners and nodes would signal their support for the change, and once a dominant portion of the network signalled support, the change would be activated. Nodes and miners who refused the change would now operate a minority fork, preserving the original Bitcoin network, and the two networks would compete for market share and .

Invest in Bitcoin.

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How Many Bitcoins Have Been Stolen

As early as last year, Bitcoin still gets lost with huge portions going away from the exchange. To date,cryptotips cites that more than 4 Million Bitcoins lost and in irrecoverable states. Theft of bitcoin has been a huge topic around. Unlike the values in banks and under regulators control, losers have no substantial recourse whenever bitcoin disappears into thin air.

How Many Bitcoins Have Been Lost

Bitcoins get lost for specific reasons. Chainalysis gives an estimated 3.79 Million of BTC as lost. The entire effect with that is, of the 21 Million mineable bitcoins, the whole total available after 2040 will be significantly lower.

Loss of Bitcoin arises for many reasons, like the fact that public keys are non-transferable.

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How Many Confirmations Does Bitcoin Need

To finalize a bitcoin transaction, youll need at least three confirmations. However, while some bitcoin companies will ask for a single confirmation, others will require six.

To be more precise, for a bitcoin payment of under $1,000, youll need one confirmation. Payments in the $1,000$10,000 range require three confirmations, whereas $10,000$1,000,000 payments demand six confirmations.

How Many Bitcoins Are Really In Circulation

How many Bitcoins are left?

The digital currency movement has shown that the monetary system does not have to function as it always has. There is potential for new methods of creating, using, and governing digital forms of currency. For example, most fiat dollars printed by governments all around the world do not have any supply limits, as more can always be printed if the supply runs low or the population increase demands for it.

With Bitcoin, on the other hand, it is a much different story. When the digital currency was first invented, it was coded into the platform that there would be a finite supply of it, and it is impossible for that cap to ever be altered. The amount of Bitcoin will never exceed 21 million due to the limitations that Satoshi Nakamoto placed on the Bitcoin creation algorithms. While the infamous developer has been very limited in his description of why he programmed the digital currency in this way, this decision was made with the longevity of his cryptocurrency in mind.

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How Many Satoshis Make A Bitcoin

One satoshi is one-hundredth millionth part of a Bitcoin. In other words, one bitcoin consists of 100 million satoshis. What is a satoshi? Satoshi is the smallest bitcoin unit.

How much is one satoshi worth? On the one hand, if you convert one satoshi to dollars, youll get $0.00035. On the other hand, to get one dollar, youll need 2,836 satoshis.

In short, as physical money can be divided into smaller subunits, the same case is with cryptocurrency.

How Many Bitcoins Are Left To Be Mined

Mining is the act of mining the Bitcoin. Miners are computers that control the transactions that take place through bitcoins by solving a mathematical formula. There currently remain about 5 million Bitcoins that can be mined.

Theoretically, it is possible to mine 12.5 Bitcoin or BTC every 10 minutes. Solving the mathematical problems is sometimes described as finding a block. The software behind the Bitcoin ensures that the time it takes you to find a block is always the same. This ensures that no more Bitcoins can be added in a day than was specified by the creators of the Bitcoin protocol.

This also means that the more people search for BTC, the harder it becomes to solve the computations. This was also software-defined in the protocol. If one would not do this, it would mean that BTC would be added faster than intended.

The degree of difficulty of mining is therefore increasing. We call this the difficulty factor. This is visualized in a graph. As a result, you can see that this factor has been increasing rapidly in recent times. This in turn has to do with the maximum amount of Bitcoin that was set by the protocol.

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How Many Bitcoins Are Currently In Circulation As Of 2020

As of 2020, there are just over 18 Million Bitcoins in existence. However, not all of them are actually usable. Among those 18 million, approximately 4 million bitcoins are lost whereas, around 1 million were stolen in various hacks and heists such as that of through Mt. Gox. That leaves us with 13 million bitcoins. Well hold on, do not forget the Whales! Whales are people who own a huge number of bitcoins stashed away in their wallets. Among these whales is the founder of Bitcoin, Satoshi Nakomoto, whose public address is home to about 1 million bitcoins which are roughly worth 10 billion US dollars.

As of today, about 5 million of bitcoin belong to around 1600 whales. Thats about 28% of the total circulation. After taking away all these unreachable coins, bitcoins left with a mere 44% of the total technical bitcoins in existence. Thats about 8 million in total.

Where Do We Currently Stand With Bitcoin Mining

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The total Bitcoin mined as of Month 3 of Quarter 3 of 2020 stands at 88.1%. Inference from data collection and analysis by the University of Cambridge credits 65% of bitcoin hashing ormining power to China. Therefore, China alone contributes to 585 Bitcoins mining out of a total of 900 bitcoins daily.

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Official Corruption And Foreign Investment

In an analysis of ARENA’s electoral defeat in 2009, the U.S. Embassy in San Salvador pointed to official corruption under the Saca administration as a significant reason for public rejection of continued ARENA government. According to a secret diplomatic cable made public by WikiLeaks, “While the Salvadoran public may be inured to self-serving behaviour by politicians, many in ARENA believe that the brazen manner in which Saca and his people are widely perceived to have used their positions for personal enrichment went beyond the pale. ARENA deputy Roberto d’Aubuisson, son of ARENA founder , told that Saca ‘deliberately ignored’ his Public Works Minister’s government contract kickbacks scheme, even after the case was revealed in the press. Furthermore, considerable evidence exists, including from U.S. business sources, that the Saca administration pushed laws and selectively enforced regulations with the specific intent to benefit Saca family business interests.”

Subsequent policies under Funes administrations improved El Salvador to foreign investment, and the World Bank in 2014 rated El Salvador 109, a little better than Belize and Nicaragua in the World Bank’s annual “” index.

What Equipment Do You Need To Mine Bitcoins

You need to use a suitable computer hardware system. The desktop or laptop you are currently reading this from will most likely be unsuitable for the task. It probably does not have the computing power and performance efficiency required. SHA-256 hashing is a potent procedure, and not all computers are capable of handling this process. Therefore, mining for bitcoins calls for highly efficient hardware to perform billions of computations using as little electrical power as possible.

Application-specific integrated circuits , Field Programmable Gate Arrays , and Graphics Processing Units are the most commonly used mining hardware these days. ASICs, in particular, are bitcoin miners go-to devices.

ASICs are designed to perform hash calculations faster without consuming too much power. ASICs these days are a far cry from the entry-level ones with processing capabilities of 716 TH/s. They now boast hashing rates of 4060+ TH/s and consume around 2,000 to less than 3,000 watts. Among the leading brands in this space are Bitmain, Ebang, and Innosilicon.

FPGAs are specialized chips that can be programmed to do specific tasks, such as image processing and hash computations. Like ASICs, they can also run various software and algorithms and utilize less power than CPUs. ASICs, however, are deemed more efficient than FPGAs.

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What Is The Difficulty Rate At The Moment

For every 2,016 blocks created, the difficulty rate changes. It takes approximately two weeks for this set of blocks to be completed, after which the difficulty increases or decreases. If the most recent block took over two weeks to be discovered, the difficulty goes down. If the process took less than two weeks, the difficulty automatically rises.

The networks current mining hash rate of 110.48 exahash has a corresponding difficulty rate of 13.80 T.

What Happens After All Bitcoins Are Mined

A Glimpse Into The Future

The issuance of new Bitcoin is halved every 4 years. At this rate the last Bitcoin is expected to be mined by the year 2140. No more Bitcoin enters into circulation. That is after the year 2140 there will be no more new Bitcoins left to be mined. So what happens to the miners and what happens to the network?

Today miners verify transaction on the Bitcoin blockchain and help prevent the double spending problem. The main reason why they secure the network is because of the incentives. The mining rewards which they get from solving a block. One of the biggest concern and question is how will the miners secure the network when they are not rewarded for their work?

You see other than block rewards miners also earn a small amount of transaction fees. As the inflation rate goes to zero the transaction fees will continue to exist.

Once all the Bitcoins are mined the transaction fees will be the main source of income for the Bitcoin miners. Miners will continue to verify transactions and get paid in TX fees. The question should be whether or not the transaction fees will be lucrative enough to keep miners financially afloat?

This we will answer in another article.

Hope this article helped you to understand the limits placed on the Bitcoin supply. You now know how Bitcoins are produced and how many Bitcoins are created each Day / Month and Year.

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How Long Does It Take To Mine A Bitcoin

With a single bitcoin valued at around US$8,000, you may want to run off and go mining for this cryptocurrency as soon as possible. But, before you do, you first need to understand specific details to see if bitcoin mining is a profitable activity or not.

The amount of time it takes to mine a single bitcoin, for instance, affects returns on investment and depends on several factors. These include your choice of hardware, whether you do it alone or join a pool of miners, and a so-called difficulty score, which we will talk more about later. In some cases, mining just a single bitcoin can take anywhere from about a year to infinity. Still interested? If you are, then read on.

Impact On The Economy

Once all the bitcoins have been mined, their supply will stop increasing. The total supply may even decrease when bitcoins are burned or lost. If the demand for bitcoins continues to rise after all bitcoins have been mined, it will eventually lead to an increased price.

However, academics argue that the increased price doesnt matter, what matters is its purchasing power. Bitcoins deflationary nature has caused concerns that it will leave the financial system with insufficient money, consequently sending interest rates through the roof and stifling economic growth.

Satoshi anticipated the problem of having insufficient money in the financial system, too. This is why he created bitcoins such that they can be further divided into 100 million pieces, which are called satoshis. Therefore, 1 satoshi is valued at $0.00034362.

As bitcoins price increases, satoshis purchasing power will increase and the price of bitcoin-denominated goods will fall. Therefore, its the purchasing power of satoshis rather than the total supply of bitcoin thats more important for the economy.

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