Tuesday, June 28, 2022

# How Much Is Crypto Taxed

## Include Totals From 8949 On Schedule D

Can You Avoid Paying Taxes on Bitcoin? How Much is Crypto Taxed?

Once your 8949 is filled out, take your total net gain or net loss and include it on Schedule D.

Schedule D allows you to report your overall capital gains and losses from all sources. In addition to your short-term and long-term gains that come from 8949 and your crypto activity, other line items reported on Schedule D include Schedule K-1s via businesses, estates, and trusts.

## Understanding Tax Calculation Accounting Methods: Fifo Lifo Hifo

When you sell your crypto, you have to pay taxes which can be calculated using the formula:

Value at the time of selling – Cost Basis = Capital Gain

However, if the value at the time of selling is higher than the value at the time of purchase , youÃ¢ll incur a capital loss. This loss can be used to offset your capital gains in a particular year with a method known as tax-loss harvesting.

Now, the accounting method you choose to calculate your taxes decides how much tax you have to pay and can also significantly reduces your taxes. The most popular tax calculation accounting methods are:

• FIFO
• LIFO
• HIFO
• In order to understand each of these accounting methods, letÃ¢s look at a simple example. Suppose, on April 1st, Jake purchased \$3000 of ETH. In May, he purchased another \$3500 of ETH, and on July 1st he sold ETH for \$4000.

Now, what will be the capital tax that he pays on his gains? LetÃ¢s explore method by method.

## Hold Onto It Until You Die

If you dont need to access the money youve invested in your cryptocurrency, you might want to use it as a generational wealth-building tool. You must believe in the long-term value of a cryptocurrency for this to work, but this strategy might offer outstanding tax treatment.

When you die, your assets receive whats called a step-up basis when they are passed on to your heirs. Lets say you bought \$1,000 of bitcoin today that is worth \$250,000 when you die in 20 years. If you sold the bitcoin right before you died, youd have to pay taxes on a \$249,000 gain.

If you die and pass the bitcoin on to your heirs, the basis gets increased from \$1,000 to the \$250,000 it is worth at the time of your death. Then, your heirs can sell it immediately without paying any income tax on the asset since their basis is equal to their selling price.

To make sure you arrange this sort of inheritance properly, make sure you talk to a financial professional who specializes in estate planning.

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## Capital Gain & Loss On Crypto

A capital gain or loss is incurred on trading or selling cryptocurrency. Just like traditional assets, capital gains will be incurred when the price of selling is greater than the price it has been acquired for . On the other hand, a capital loss is incurred when the price of selling is lesser than the price it was acquired for.

Before selling a capital asset, you must figure out if the investment was short-term or long-term. Long-term gains and losses are incurred when the assets were held for more than a year, whereas short-term capital gains and losses are incurred when the assets have been held for less than one year.

## What If You Forgot To Report Your Crypto Taxes

If youÃ¢re like many other crypto investors, thereÃ¢s a strong chance that you werenÃ¢t always aware of the fact that your crypto-related income needed to be reported on your taxes.

If you are in this situation, donÃ¢t stress out. You can amend a prior year’s tax return to include your crypto-related income with IRS Form 1040X.

Many cryptocurrency investors go through this process without issue, and itÃ¢s always better to amend your return in good faith rather than waiting for the IRS to find you.

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## Keeping Records Of Your Transactions

Many cryptocurrency exchanges have terrible records, so you shouldnt rely on them to get all of your trading history. Youre better off keeping a detailed summary of all the trades you make. Start a spreadsheet and start tracking the following:

• Transaction dates
• Units bought, sound, or traded

When possible, youll also want to keep records of the following:

• Receipts of purchase
• Exchange records

Basically, you want to keep as many detailed records as possible. Theres nothing illegal about owning or trading cryptocurrency, but the CRA wants their fair share of taxes. To calculate what you owe, youll need all of your records. Theyll also be handy if you ever get audited.

## What If You Incur Losses

If you incur any loss from selling, trading, or exchanging your crypto assets, you can offset your capital gains with your crypto losses. Since the Internal Revenue Service considers cryptocurrency as capital assets, you can deduct up to \$3,000 in a year from your ordinary income. Any further losses will be carried forward to the next year. However, if you are married and filing a separate tax return, \$1,500 will be deducted from your ordinary income.

In this aspect, it is important to note that you have to report your loss on a specific asset class to be eligible for a capital gains deduction.

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## Get Started With Cryptocurrency Tax Software

ThereÃ¢s no need to fill out your tax forms by hand. Today, more than 100,000 cryptocurrency investors use CryptoTrader.Tax to file their tax return in minutes.

With a few clicks, you can select each exchange you’ve used and import all of your historical transactions.

Based on this data, CryptoTrader.Tax automatically generates your crypto tax forms. You can then upload your reports directly into TurboTax or TaxAct to include with the rest of your tax return.

Disclaimer – This post is for informational purposes only and should not be construed as tax or investment advice. Please speak to your own tax expert, CPA, or tax attorney on how you should treat the taxation of digital currencies.

## Bitcoins Held As Capital Assets Are Taxed As Property

Crypto & Bitcoin Taxes Explained – Everything You Need To Know | CryptoTrader.Tax

If Bitcoin is held as a capital asset, you must treat them as property for tax purposes. General tax principles applicable to property transactions apply. Like stocks or bonds, any gain or loss from the sale or exchange of the asset is taxed as a capital gain or loss. Otherwise, the investor realizes ordinary gain or loss on an exchange.

## How Cryptocurrency Works When Youre Paid As An Employee

If you work for a company that pays you in any cryptocurrency you must keep a record of when you were paid and what the cryptocurrency was worth in Canadian dollars on that day. You will need this information when you file your tax return. As well if you buy something using cryptocurrency that is considered a disposition of cryptocurrency, you will have to show that on your return as well.

According to the CRA, this is how you should maintain the following records on your cryptocurrency transactions:

• the date of the transactions
• the receipts of purchase or transfer of cryptocurrency
• the value of the cryptocurrency in Canadian dollars at the time of the transaction
• the digital wallet records and cryptocurrency addresses
• a description of the transaction and the other party
• the exchange records
• the software costs related to managing your tax affairs

## Trading One Cryptocurrency For Another

The HMRC makes it quite clear that exchanging one crypto for another also constitutes a taxable event. This means that you’re basically disposing of a CGT asset and acquiring another one. The market value of the crypto that you receive is considered as the sales price for that transaction. If this crypto cannot be valued for some reason , then you can use the market value of the crypto you sold.

#### EXAMPLE

Let’s say your costs for 0.1 Bitcoins was Â£500. In November 2017, you exchanged 0.1 Bitcoin for 2 Ether. At this time, the market value of 2 ether was around Â£800. This basically means that Â£800 is your sales proceeds and Â£500 is your cost basis, so the total capital gains would be Â£300.

## Tax Rates For Cryptocurrency Explained

When your crypto gains are taxed, your cryptocurrency tax rate will be either your income tax rate or lower capital gains rates, depending on how long you held the crypto. Your holding period dictates whether you pay income tax rates or capital gains tax rates.

## Cryptocurrency Can Be Classified As An Investment Asset Or Business Income

A digital token is deemed to be a capital asset if it is purchased for investment, which means it is bound to be taxed under capital gains. These investments are categorised into long-term or short-term capital gains, depending on the holding period.

Any gains after holding a cryptocurrency for 36 months or more would be taxable as long-term capital gains, while gains accrued during a shorter period would be categorised as short-term capital gains. These gains are taxable as per the slab rates applicable to a taxpayer, while long-term capital gains are taxed at the flat rate of 20% with the benefit of indexation, according to Harsh Bhuta, partner at accounting firm Bhuta Shah & Co. Bhuta says much clarity is still required on how to treat the different types of gains and income.

The tax rate under the long-term category can decline once the indexation benefit is applied, which allows the investor to adjust for inflation during the period these investments were held. Every year, the Central Board of Direct Taxes releases the cost inflation on which these assessments are done.

On the other hand, if a trader carries out cryptocurrency transactions frequently, any profits thereon would be taxable as business income.

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## Which Country Has No Tax On Cryptocurrency

Many countries offer no taxes on cryptocurrency transactions, depending on your specific circumstances. Some of these countries include Germany, Singapore, Portugal, Belarus, and Switzerland. They may tax business cryptocurrency income or tax cryptocurrency in some other fashion, so its important to discuss this with a tax advisor. Tax laws also change constantly, so you need to stay up to date on any changes.

And while several countries have no tax on cryptocurrency, this does not help U.S. citizens. U.S. citizens are taxed on their worldwide income, including cryptocurrency gains. You would have to renounce your U.S. citizenship to avoid this worldwide income tax.

## Sell Assets During A Low

Whether you have short-term or long-term capital gains, your income determines the tax rate you pay. The lower your taxable income is, the lower your tax rate will be. You might save money on taxes by selling cryptocurrency that you know will experience gains in years in which you know youll pay taxes at a lower tax rate.

Selling cryptocurrency might result in some of the income being taxed at a higher rate, but that does not push all of your income into a higher tax bracket as many people believe.

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## Long Term Capital Gains Tax Events

Long term capital gains apply for any crypto that was held for 12 months or more.

The government wants to incentivize investors to invest for the long term, so they offer tax incentives for doing so.

Long term capital gains tax rates offer lower taxes than short term gains, and the chart below depicts these rates.

As you can see, holding onto your crypto for more than one year can provide serious tax benefits. If you are in the highest income tax bracket, your taxes on your long term capital gains will be 20% instead of 37% .

You can use CryptoTrader.Tax to automatically detect which cryptocurrencies in your portfolio qualify for long term capital gains and to help plan for future trades. This can help save you tens of thousands of dollars in taxes in the long-run. Get started for free here.

## You Dont Escape Being Taxed Just Because You Didnt Get A 1099

How is Crypto Currency Taxed?

With a bank or brokerage, you will typically get a Form 1099 reporting the income youve received during the year. That may not be the case with cryptocurrency, however.

There isnt really the same level of reporting yet for cryptocurrency, relative to typical 1099 forms for stocks, interest and other payments, says Harris. The IRS doesnt get great reporting from Coinbase and other exchanges.

But the lack of a 1099 wont let you escape any tax liability, and youll still have to report your gains and pay tax on them. Still, its not all bad news: If you had to take a capital loss, you can deduct that on your return and reduce your taxable income.

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Koinly does a number of things under the hood in order to calculate your capital gains and income.

First it fetches the market rates at the time of your trades, then it matches transfers between your wallets and exchange accounts and finally it calculates your capital gains. You can easily configure the accounting method used for the gains . The default in the US is FIFO.

All this is automated so the only thing you have to do is head over to the Tax Reports page to see a summary of your gains:

Note that you can also use the Dashboard to stay on top of your taxes as you carry out trades. This can help you make good tax-friendly trades and avoid surprises at tax time!

## The Crypto Tax Reporting Solution

The solution to the crypto tax problem hinges on aggregating all of your cryptocurrency data that makes up your buys, sells, trades, air drops, forks, mined coins, exchanges, swaps, and received cryptocurrencies into one platform so that you can build out an accurate tax profile containing all of your transaction data.

Once all of your transactions are in one spot, youÃ¢ll be able to calculate cost basis, fair market values, gains/losses, and income for all of your investing activity.

You can aggregate all of your transaction history by hand by pulling together your transactions from each of your exchanges and wallets. Or you can avoid the manual work and automate this process with the use of crypto tax software.

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## How Much Tax Will I Pay

Firstly, all of the following cryptocurrency transactions are considered taxable:

• Sale of cryptocurrency, mined personally, to a third party.
• Sale of cryptocurrency, purchased from someone else to a third party.
• Using mined cryptocurrency in order to buy goods or services.

Nonresidents will pay tax at 30% on their income from cryptocurrency. And unlike residents, nonresidents are not entitled to use losses from previous years to offset their tax liability.

As we mentioned above, the IRS considers cryptocurrency to be property. That means they are taxed in a similar fashion to gains made from stocks, shares and bricks and mortar property.

In other words, if you sell some stock for a profit of \$1,000, this is considered a taxable event and you must declare this money for Capital Gains Tax.

But things arent always that straightforward when it comes to cryptocurrency.

For example, if you use your Bitcoin to purchase Ethereum, does the IRS consider this to be a taxable event?

Every time you purchase something with cryptocurrency, the IRS will treat this as an instance where the asset was liquidated. And if you have made a profit, you must declare that for tax.

However, if you have made a profit from cryptocurrency, its important to know that even if your home country has a tax treaty with the US,the gain is not covered by the treaty and will still be taxed accordingly.

Trading one crypto for another is also a taxable event.

The IRS sees a trade as 2 separate transactions, first you are selling your BTC for X amount of fictional dollars, then you are buying ETH with these fictional dollars.

Even though you never received any dollars in hand, you still have to pay tax on the sale of the BTC. The purchase of ETH is not taxed as you learnt earlier.

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## Do I Have To Pay Taxes On My Crypto

As a United States citizen, you do have to pay taxes on your cryptocurrency. Individuals usually hold cryptocurrency as an investment, so it is subject to capital gains tax rules in the United States. Cryptocurrency held for a year or less is subject to short-term gains rates. Cryptocurrency held for more than a year is subject to more favorable long-term capital gains rates.

## Moving Cryptocurrency From One Wallet To Another

If youre simply moving your cryptocurrency from one wallet to another e.g. from Coinbase to GDAX or your own wallet then it would not be a taxable event as long as you havent sold any of your cryptocurrency during the process.

That being said, there might be some tax implications . . . sort of.

Lets say you paid a \$10 transfer fee, well that would be a transaction cost which you could deduct from your capital gains later. The same applies to any fees you incur when you buy or sell your crypto.

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